The three dosha, explained

Ayurvedic remedies have been used for thousands of years to heal our bodies from within by balancing and maintaining dosha. In order to start healing, we first need to know more about what dosha are.

According to Ayurveda, we are made up of the five elements Earth, Water, Fire, Air and Space. Dosha are the combination of these five elements: Vata (air/space), Pitta (fire/water) and Kapha (earth/water).

Knowing how to balance and maintain these three dosha will help us with our overall wellbeing.


Making sure your body movements take place without obstructions, Vata includes absorption, cell ion exchange, nervous system conduction, excretions, muscle function and breathing.

The physical characteristics of Vata include a thin body structure that is quick and agile. They also love new experiences, excitement and are creative.
Other characteristics could include brittle and dry hair, nails and skin along with having a sensitive digestive system.
When the Vata dosha is imbalanced it can be noticed through symptoms such as anxiety, insomnia, arthritis, digestions issues, weight loss and restlessness.

Balancing the Vata Dosha

In order to balance your Vata Dosha, you need to maintain a stable and mindful routine by incorporating the following into your lifestyle.

  • Get a good night of sleep
  • Pick warm beverages over cold ones
  • Have wholesome freshly prepared warm food
  • Avoid Alcohol, Chocolate and Caffeine
  • Avoid raw gas forming foods and beans
  • Practice breathing exercises


Keeping together two opposite elements, fire and water, Pita helps with food digestion, and imparts warmth, vision and color to the body.

Controlling and taking charge of metabolism and energy production, those who have more Pitta dosha have fiery personalities, focused, smart, outspoken and full of energy.

Imbalanced Pitta can be shown through symptoms such as ulcers, heart burn, excessive body heat and skin rashes.

Balancing the Pitta

In order to balance Pita you need to focus on moderation as Pita types tend to over do it.

  • Try to explore the fun side of life and not take yourself too seriously
  • Go to bed early
  • Avoid exposure to mid day sun
  • Go for cool beverages
  • Use Ghee in your cooking along with spices like coriander, cardamom and turmeric.
  • Avoid Chilli
  • Practice meditation
  • Avoid chocolate and alcohol


Similar to Pitta, Kapha holds opposing elements earth and water together. This dosha makes the body stable and well held with muscles ligaments, fats and tendons.  Personality characteristics include being calm, relaxed, affectionate, mindful and rational while the personality characteristics could include large eyes, radiant skin, thick hair and a strong body.

When the Kapha dosha gets imbalanced, it shows through symptoms such as depression, oversleeping, diabetes and weight gain.

Balancing the Kapha

Since Kapha types tend to be a bit lethargic or demotivated, in order to balance Kapha, you need to get in a lot of physical activity. Incorporate the following simple steps into your daily routine for best results.

  • Get in some light exercise
  • Include bitter greens and beans in your diet
  • Wake up before 6am
  • Try to have your lunch before 12 noon
  • Avoid foods such as garlic, mushroom and peanuts

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